Researchers at the University of Waterloo have found that drawing pictures of information that needs to be remembered is a strong and reliable strategy to enhance memory.
“We pitted drawing against a number of other known encoding strategies, but drawing always came out on top,” said the study’s lead author, Jeffrey Wammes, PhD candidate in the Department of Psychology. “We believe that the benefit arises because drawing helps to create a more cohesive memory trace that better integrates visual, motor and semantic information.”
Read more http://neurosciencenews.com/drawing-memory-recall-4094/
Survey - Survey the page by skimming through through the chapter. While doing this notice headings, pictures, summaries, quotes and anything else that captures your attention
Question - Make what you are reading more interesting by turning headings into questions, dot points into questions and anything else that you notice into questions. You may want to write the questions down for additional learning later.
Read - When you read, try to answer the questions you wrote. Additionally, when you read ask turn sentences or any other part of the text into your own interesting questions and answer them as you go along to improve retention.
Recite - Mentally or orally rehearse any of the information as you read
Review - When you finish the chapter, or page (your preferred strategy), recall the questions you wrote before going along to the next section
wRite - As you read or listen to lectures, write questions and answer them as you go along. You may also wish to only write questions while listening to lectures and answering them at your own time.
SQ4R is about active learning and is another mnemonic strategy.
Source: Burton, L, Westen, D, Kowalski, R. (2009). Psychology (2nd Ed.) Australian and New Zealand Edition. Milton, Queensland: John Wiley & Sons Australia, Limited.
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